Triterpenes, also known as bitter substances, are the active components that give Ganoderma its bitter taste. These substances also cause the bitterness for Curcubitaceae family of plants which includes cucumber, pumpkin, colocynth, marrows and the bryonies.
Triterpenes are a group of active natural compounds found in most plants. As with most beneficial substances in plants, it protects the plant from microbial infection.
However in human body, it is proven to:
Triterpenes consist of six isoprene units and have the molecular formula C30H48. They are typically in white crystalline form. These substances are biochemically complex and many have valuable medicinal properties.
The Triterpene found in Ganoderma is known to play various important roles for the well being of human body. It frequently demonstrates bioactivity such as antifungal, antibacterial, and antiviral. This component also helps to improve high blood pressure and balance blood lipids.
Studies showed that Triterpene is involved in transmitting nerve impulses to the brain's cortex. So they aid in enhancing all central nervous system functions. It also enhances the action of body hormones and maintains stability among various body systems.
In laboratory tests, researchers found Triterpenes can slow down the growth of different kinds of cancer cells. Scientist does not know the full potential of this substance yet. But it could be mainly responsible for the cancer fighting properties of various fruits and plants.
Further studies have shown they stimulate the immune system and contain important anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties.
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